'I wanted to keep contributing to a pension but also wanted to withdraw a tax-free lump sum to pay for a side-extension on our home.'Darren Mackenzie, Fidelity customer
Many pensions allow you, from the age of 55, to take up to 25% of your savings as tax-free cash.
However, there are a few important things to think about.
The way you take your tax-free cash can depend on the type of pension you have now and how you might want to access your pension savings in the future.
You can take all or part of your tax-free cash with the other bit moving into ‘drawdown’. Or you can make lump sum withdrawals, with 25% of each withdrawal being tax free and 75% being taxed as earnings (this is called an Uncrystallised Fund Pension Lump Sum, or UFPLS for short).
Once you’re eligible you can withdraw your tax-free cash any time or leave it where it is and include it in your retirement plan. Withdrawing it in small amounts over several years could make your overall income more tax efficient.
If your 25% tax-free cash isn’t enough, you can withdraw as much as you want alongside, but this will be subject to income tax at your marginal rate.
If you take more cash than the 25% tax-free amount, or if you take multiple lump sums, then, for any future contributions, your annual allowance (the amount you can pay into your pension pots each year and receive tax relief on) could drop from £40,000 to £4,000 (known as the money purchase annual allowance; see below).
So keep this in mind if you plan to continue adding to your pension pots. Our Pension cash calculator can help you work it out.
Remember of course that your pension is intended to provide income during your retirement, so always think carefully about whether you really need to take that lump sum and, if you do, how much will be left in the pot.
|Your annual allowance|
|If you only take part of your tax-free cash||£40,000|
|If you just take all your tax-free cash||£40,000|
|If you take more than your tax-free cash||£4,000*|
|If you take lump sums (using UFPLS)||£4,000*|
* This is called the Money Purchase Annual Allowance (MPAA) and it applies when you take money out using ‘pension freedoms’ - withdrawing taxable income from your pension through drawdown or lump sums (UFPLS). The MPAA is £4,000. Note that if you have earnings above £110,000 the amount you can contribute and get tax relief on may also be lower than £40,000 (down to £10,000).
You can find out more about tax relief and all the allowances in our pension allowances section.
You may take your tax-free cash before you retire; or while you continue working and contributing to your pension; or at the point of retirement.
Whatever your circumstances, here are some things you should consider:
If you want to continue saving into your pension after taking cash from it, there are some things to consider:
Even if you’re only contributing to one pension, there’s a good chance you’ll own several more – particularly if you’ve changed jobs a few times during your career.
You can manage the retirement income and the tax-free cash from each of these pensions separately, but it can be a lot easier if you bring them all together. Then you just have one company to deal with for every aspect of your retirement income and could save on costs.
If you're thinking about transferring a defined benefit pension, call Fidelity’s retirement specialists on 0800 368 6882, Monday to Friday, 9am - 5pm, to find out how our advice service can help you.
Decisions about tax-free cash may seem easy but there could be implications for your future income. We can help you find the best solution for your retirement.
Call us on 0800 368 6882, Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm.
The government’s Pension Wise service offers free, impartial guidance to help you understand your options at retirement. You can access the guidance online or over the telephone on 0800 138 3944.www.pensionwise.gov.uk
This information is not a personal recommendation for any particular investment. If you are unsure about the suitability of an investment you should speak to an authorised financial adviser.
The Fidelity customer quotes shown on this page have been provided by real Fidelity customers. In the interests of privacy names have been changed.